Here at LA Perfection, using our core philosophy TREAT, FEED, FORTIFY AND FINISH, we can tackle pigmentation problems with; advanced laser technology and Environ Skin Treatments; The Advanced Nutrition Programme skin supplements; Environ Skincare cosmeceutical skin products; and Jane Iredale mineral makeup.
WHAT IS PIGMENTATION?
Pigmentation means colouring. When we refer to pigmentation we often mean hypigmentation which is where a patch of skin appears darker than the surounding area. Hyperpigmentation occurs when the cells that create melanin, a natural pigment in the body that give colour to hair, skin and eyes, is activated either from being damaged or because they are unhealthy.
Pigmentation is known by many names, though the official term is hyperpigmentation.
Most often seen as uneven skin tone, and characterised by uneven brown and tan patches on the face, hands, dÃ©colletage and shoulders. It's caused by overexposure to the sun over a period of years and can be identifed in the lower layers of the skin before it's seen on the epidermis. Sun damages is one of the easiest forms of pigmentation to treat.
Very small melanin patches, medically termed 'ephelis / ephelides', found on all ages groups, though rarely on infants. They are thought to develop as a result of a combination of genetic tendency (inheritance) and sun exposure. Freckles often fade during the winter months but become more prominent during the summer with increased exposure to the sun. They can be found all over the body but most commonly appear on the face, upper back and shoulders, particularly on people with light skin and hair colouring.
Tan, brown or grey-brown patches most commonly found on the face, normally in a symmetrical pattern, most notably on the forehead, nose and cheeks. A common skin condition, also called 'chloasma', that affects adults, particularly females, with darker skin tones. Melasma often fades during the winter months but becomes more noticeable during the summer with increased exposure to the sun, but it is not caused by the sun.
A pigmented flat or slightly raised lesion with a clearly defined edge. Lentigines can affect males and females of all ages and races, but are most commonly found on the elderly and often called age spots or liver spots. They are caused by sun damage (including sunburn) indoor tanning and phototherapy. Unlike an ephilis (freckle), it does not fade in the winter months.
LASER PIGMENTATION REMOVAL
How does the treatment work?
Light is released in short pulses that are readily absorbed by the high concentration of melanin found within pigmented lesions. The rapid absorption of light enery heats the melanin and causes the destruction of the melanin-rich cells.
How is the treatment carried out?
The laser is placed on the skin and a short pulse of light is released. The applicator is then moved to the neighbouring area and the process is repeated until the entire area is treated. We can treat a single lesion or an entire area such as cheeks, forehead or even full face.
Am I suitable for treatment?
Most people are suitable for treatment except for very dark skinned or tanned individuals. However, large, dark, mottled or raised pigmentation cannot be treated and may need to be checked by a dermatologist. Large, dark moles should not be treated, nor should lesions covering a large part of the body. The pigmented marks that respond the best are superficial lesions such as those caused by sun damage (sun spots) and freckles.
How does the treatment feel?
Most patients describe the discomfort as mild and tolerable and no anaesthesia is required.
What should I expect after the treatment?
The treated area may feel warm and sensitive for the first few days post treatment. The lesions may darken and may appear more abvious before they fade and flake away. Sometimes an initial whitening of the area is seen which quickly fades and the pigment gradually fades over the following few weeks.
Are there any side effects?
The skin that surrounds the pigmented lesion may become red immediately after treatment. Most people experience no other side effects and the redness usually disappears within hours to a few days. Very rarely a small blister may form or the skin may become temporarily lighter or darker.
ENVIRON TREATMENTS & PRODUCTS FOR PIGMENTATION
As well as laser treatments, we can also treat pigmentation with Environ Skincare. As we know Pigmentation has a complex set of causes ranging from hormonal influences to too much sun exposure to our genetic make-up which can combine to form unevenly coloured patches. Addressing these complex causes requires a well-balanced formulation of active ingredients such as vitamin A combined with other essential nutrients like antioxidants and peptides which help to prevent the formation of melanin (pigment) which is responsible for dark marks and uneven skin tone. And most importantly a quality sunscreen that protects against UV-A and UV-B rays. Using the right formulations of very special ingredients, unique skin treatment techniques and being patient with treatment, discoloured skin can be smoothed, renewed … and repaired.
THE ADVANCED NUTRITION PROGRAMME SKIN SUPPLEMENTS
The pigment patches that we see on the surface of the skin are caused by an overproduction of melanin in the deeper layers of the skin. Products that we put on the skin will not penetrate to the deeper levels whereas skin specific Nutrition Supplements will treat the damaged cells from within. Our skin specialists will advise you on the supplements needed to support our more advanced treatments, such as laser, for the ultimate fight against hypo-pigmentation.